There are different forms of arthritis all of which can affect the knee resulting in knee pain and swelling.
Osteoarthritis (OA), a chronic condition that causes the cartilage between the joints to wear out, is the most prominent form of arthritis. The absence of cushion causes bones to rub and grind together, causing swelling, stiffness, and pain. Doctors may prescribe physical therapy, a knee brace, or oral medication. However, if a patent continues to experience severe pain, swelling or extensive joint damage, knee injections or a full knee replacement is recommended.
Two Patient Reported Outcomes that surgeons use to assess the success of arthroplasty are the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities (WOMAC) Osteoarthritis Index and the Oxford Knee Score.
The knee joint is made up of several components that enable flexion and extension of the joint as well as limited internal and external rotation. This structural system facilitates movements such as squatting, walking, getting up and much more that is important throughout daily activities.
Although knee pain can be due to various causes, a torn meniscus is a common cause.
When an individual damages the cartilage or a meniscus in the knee, they may have the problem corrected by undergoing arthroscopic knee surgery
Water on the knee is the layman’s term for a medical condition called knee effusion. Knee effusion is characterized by swelling of the knees, either in one or both legs, and knee pain. Knee effusion happens for one of three reasons: an injury, a disease or overusing the knees.