Hip replacement surgery is an invasive orthopedic procedure where the damaged hip bone along with some soft tissue and muscle is removed and replaced with an implant. The operation relieves pain and improves movement helping patients resume their normal daily activities.
If you have hip pain, hip replacement surgery is not usually the first course of action. In this video Dr. Dan Albright from the Raleigh Orthopedic Clinic in Raleigh, NC discusses what you should do before considering surgery.
There are signs a patient may experience that indicate hip arthritis or an impaired hip joint which should be treated by hip replacement surgery.
Osteoarthritis (OA), a chronic condition that causes the cartilage between the joints to wear out, is the most prominent form of arthritis. The absence of cushion causes bones to rub and grind together, causing swelling, stiffness, and pain. Doctors may prescribe physical therapy, a knee brace, or oral medication. However, if a patent continues to experience severe pain, swelling or extensive joint damage, knee injections or a full knee replacement is recommended.
Hip and knee replacement is one of the most widely performed surgical procedures in the world.
After a patient has undergone hip replacement surgery, two tools can be used to measure the function and pain the patient is experiencing. These scoring methods are The Harris Hip Score (HHS) and The Oxford Hip Score (OHS).
Two Patient Reported Outcomes that surgeons use to assess the success of arthroplasty are the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities (WOMAC) Osteoarthritis Index and the Oxford Knee Score.